Jyväskylä is a youthful city in Central Finland with a population of 138 850. Jyväskylä is an active culture city, where you can find something to do every night. The city offers a wide range of different music, theatre and dance events every week. Jyväskylä is also a lively student city with many Finnish and foreign students, so the city doesn’t lack bustle.
Jyväskylä is the 7th biggest city in Finland. The city is located by the Lake Päijänne, which is the second biggest lake in Finland. Päijänne is a famous boating, canoeing and sailing attraction and during summer you can take a cruise all the way to the city of Lahti (around 170 km south of Jyväskylä). Jyväskylä is a compact city with everything within walking or biking distance.
PLACES WORTH VISITING
Sohwi(130 m) Relaxed food & rock restaurant in the upper town
Upper town The bohemian upper town of Jyväskylä is full of culture-oriented restaurants, bars & pubs, small boutiques and other services. The new living street of the city centre runs through the upper town and is full of small oasis and spots to relax for a bit or spend time.
Jyväskylä harbour, only stone’s throw away from the city centre, is a bubbling area that offers things to see and do all year round.
During summer months, restaurant- & cruise boats, harbour park, events, harbour street, glistening lake and beaches draw people to this summer living room of the city.
During winter, the harbour is lively with residents coming to spend sunny winter days on the lake, skating, skiing and exercising on the ice and enjoying the little harbour cafés.
The great location in the crossroads of three big waterways has made Jyväskylä a lively area since prehistoric times. Rock paintings and artifacts are a proof of these early travelers.
In the Middle Ages, Central Finland was a plentiful hunting and fishing ground for Tavastians traveling via Lake Päijänne.
15th and 16th century
The first known resident in the area was Heikki Ihanninpoika Jyväsjoki, who, according to documentation, built his house by the river Äijälä in 1506. Later, in the 16th century Jyväskylä already had seven big houses, some of which gave their names to residential areas today, Kuokkala, Kekkola, Tourula and Mankola.
The city of Jyväskylä was officially founded in March 1837.
The first decades of the young city went by with fast building and arranging government. The goal was an independent and plenipotentiary city, the centre of Central Finland.
One of the most significant things for Jyväskylä and the whole Finland, was the foundation of schools in the 1850’s and 1860’s. The schools in Jyväskylä had one special feature that the other cities lacked, the Finnish language. Another important advancement were well-educated teachers and pupils from all over Finland. Jyväskylä has been called the Athens of Finland.
The reputation of Jyväskylä, as Finnish speaking school city slowly became established and acknowledged all over Finland. Thanks to the schools, also the cultural life began to bloom in the city.
20th century Jyväskylä stayed as tranquil school city for quite a while, but after the wars, rapid growth began and Jyväskylä soon became one of the most significant industrial centres in Finland.
In 2009, Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä rural municipality and Korpilahti municipality were joined. The merge made Jyväskylä the 7th biggest city in Finland. However, Jyväskylä is still known for the same things as before, bubbling cultural life, sports, quality education and famous people like Alvar Aalto.